Some of these publications are are representative outputs from the WM-Air team, and some are outputs from the WM-Air project itself.


Air Quality Observations

Abdulrasheed M, MacKenzie A, Whyatt J, Chapman L. (2020).

Allometric scaling of thermal infrared emitted from UK cities and its relation to urban form. City and Environment Interactions, Volume 5, March 2020, 100037,

Crilley, L., M. Shaw, R. Pound, L. J. Kramer, R. Price, S. Young, A. C. Lewis and F. D. Pope (2018)

Evaluation of a low-cost optical particle counter (Alphasense OPC-N2) for ambient air monitoring’ Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 11, 709-720.

Zongbo Shi,Congbo Song, Bowen Liu, Gongda Lu, Jingsha Xu, Tuan Van Vu, Robert J. R. Elliott, Weijun Li, William J. Bloss and Roy M. Harrison, (2021),

Abrupt but smaller than expected changes in surface air quality attributable to COVID-19 lockdowns, Science Advances, Vol. 7, no. 3, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abd6696


Vehicle Emissions

Ghaffarpasand et al., 2020.

Real-world assessment of vehicle air pollutant emissions subset byvehicle type, fuel and EURO class: Newfindings from the recent UK EDAR field campaigns, and implications for emissions restricted zones, Science of the Total Envt, 734. 139416. ISSN 0048-9697

Matthaios, V. N., L. N. Kramer, R. Sommariva, F. D. Pope and W. J. Bloss (2018

Investigation of vehicle cold start primary NO2emissions from ambient monitoring data in the UK and their implications for urban air quality’ Atmospheric Environment. In press.

Osei, L.K., Ghaffarpasand, O. and Pope, F.D., (2021)

Real-World Contribution of Electrification and Replacement Scenarios to the Fleet Emissions in West Midland Boroughs, UK, 12(3), 332,

Ropkins, R., T. H. DeFries, F. D. Pope, D. C. Green, J. Kemper, S. Kishan, G. W. Fuller, H. Li, J. Sidebottom, L. R. Crilley, L. Kramer, W. J. Bloss, J. S. Hager (2017)

Evaluation of EDAR vehicle emissions remote sensing technology’. Science of the Total Environment, 609, 1464-1474



Bannister E, Cai X, Zhong J, MacKenzie A. (2020).

Neighbourhood-Scale Flow Regimes and Pollution Transport in Cities. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, volume 179, pages 259–289,

Nikolova, I., X.-M. Cai, M.S. Alam, S.Z. Rezaei, J. Zhong, A.R. MacKenzie, and R.M. Harrison, 2018

The influence of particle composition upon the evolution of urban ultrafine diesel particles on the neighbourhood scale, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics,

Zhong J, Nikolova I, Cai X, MacKenzie A, Alam M, Xu R, Singh A... Harrison R. (2020).

Traffic-induced multicomponent ultrafine particle microphysics in the WRF v3.6.1 large eddy simulation model: General behaviour from idealised scenarios at the neighbourhood-scale. Atmospheric Environment,

Zhong, J., Hood, C., Stocker, K., Handley, H., Wolstencroft, M., Mazzeo, A., Cai, H. and Bloss, W. J.

2021 Using task farming to optimize a street-scale resolution air quality model of the West Midlands (UK). Atmosphere, 12(8), 983,

Zhong, J., I. Nikolova, X. Cai, A. R. MacKenzie, and R. M. Harrison.

Modelling traffic-induced multicomponent ultrafine particles in urban street canyon compartments: factors that inhibit mixing, Environ. Pollution, 238, 186-195, 2018.


Health Impact

Adab P, Fitzmaurice D, Dickens AP, Ayres J, Buni H, Cheng KK, Cooper BG, Daley A, Enocson A, Greenfield S, Jolly K, Jowett S, Kalirai K et al.

Cohort profile: The Birmingham COPD Cohort Study. International Journal of Epidemiology doi: 10.1093/ije/dyv350

Bartington SE, Bakolis I, Devakumar D, Kurmi OP, Gulliver J, Chaube G, Manandhar DS, Saville NM, Costello A, Osrin D, Hansell AL, Ayres JG.

Domestic exposure to Carbon Monoxide and Particulate Matter in biomass fuel households in Janakpur, Nepal. Environ Pollut. 2017; 220(Pt A):38- 45.

Bartington, S., Moller, S., Hamilton, I., and Gilbert N. (2019) Summary of four UK government strategies.

Available at:

CM Wong, H Tsang, HK Lai, GN Thomas*, KB Lam, KP Chan, Q Zheng, JG Ayres, SY Lee, TH Lam, TQ Thach

Cancer mortality risks from long-term exposure to ambient fine particle. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. 25 (5): 839-845; 2016. Bartington S

CM Wong, H Tsang, HK Lai, TQ Thach, GN Thomas, KP Chan, SY Lee, JG Ayres, TH Lam, WK Leung.

STROBE-long-term exposure to ambient fine particulate air pollution and hospitalization due to peptic ulcers. Medicine (Baltimore). 95(18):e3543; 2016

Dretzke J, Blissett D, Dave C, Mukherjee R, Price M, Bayliss S, Wu X, Jordan R, Jowett S, Turner A, Moore D.

The cost-effectiveness of domiciliary non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in patients with end-stage COPD. A systematic review and economic evaluation. Health Technology Assessment 2015; 19(81)

Improving air quality and health – for all

Birmingham Health Partners, blog post:

Jolly K, Sidhu M, Hewitt C, Coventry PA, Daley A, Jordan R, Heneghan C, Singh S Ives N, Adab P, Jowett S, Varghese J, Nunan D, Ahmed K, Dowson L, Fitzmaurice D.

Patient self-management in primary care patients with mild COPD - a randomised controlled trial of telephone health coaching. BMJ 2018. 361, k2241

Jordan R, Adab P, Sitch A, Enocson A, Blissett D, Jowett S, Marsh J, Riley RD, Miller MR, Cooper BG, Turner AM, Jolly C, Ayres J, Haroon S, Stockley R, Greenfield S, Siebert S, Daley A, Cheng K, Fitzmaurice D.

Targeted case finding for COPD versus routine practice in primary care (TargetCOPD): a cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet Respiratory Medicine. 2016; 4 (9), 720–730.

Jordan RE, Majothi S, Heneghan NR, Blissett D, Riley RD, Sitch AJ, Price MJ, Bates EJ, Turner AM, Bayliss S, Moore DJ, Singh SJ, Adab P, Fitzmaurice DA, Jowett S, Jolly K.

Supported self-management for patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): an evidence synthesis and economic analysis. Health Technology Assessment 2015; 19(36)

Lambe T, Adab P, Jordan R, Sitch A, Enocson A, Jolly K, Marsh J, Riley RD, Miller MR, Cooper BG, Turner AM, Ayres J, Stockley R, Greenfield S, Siebert S, Daley A, Cheng KK, Fitzmaurice D, Jowett S.

A model-based evaluation of the long-term cost-effectiveness of systematic case-finding for COPD in primary care. Thorax, 08 Jul 2019, 74(8):730-739



Clean Air Day, City-Regions and Responsible Citizenship: The Invisible Killer and Zero Carbon Emissions

Andres, L., Bryson J.R. and Moawad P. (2021),

‘Temporary urbanisms as policy alternatives to enhance health and well-being in the post-pandemic city’, Current Environmental Health Reports,

Bryson, J.R., Andres, L. (UCL), Ersoy, A. (Tu-Delft) and Reardon, L. (INLOGOV), (2020)

Living with Pandemics: People, Place and Policy, Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, publication August 2021.


Green Infrastructure

Ferranti, E.J.S., MacKenzie, A.R., Ashworth K., and Hewitt C.N. 2017.

First Steps in Urban Air Quality. A Trees and Design Action Group (TDAG) Guidance Document. UK: London. Available from: Epapers or Research-Gate DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.29538.22726

Greater London Authority Guide – Using green infrastructure to protect people from air pollution. 

Produced in consultation with the Birmingham Institute of Forest Research (University of Birmingham), the Global Centre for Clean Air Research (University of Surrey) and Transport for London.

Hewitt, C. N., K. Ashworth, and A.R. MacKenzie. (2019)

Using green infrastructure to improve urban air quality (GI4AQ). Ambio,
DOI: 10.1007/s13280-019-01164-3

MacKenzie, A.R., D. Whyatt, M. Barnes, G. Davies. and C.N. Hewitt (2019)

Urban form strongly mediates the allometric scaling of airshed pollution concentrations, Environ. Res. Lett.

The Air Quality Expert Group (AQEG) - Impacts of Vegetation on Urban Air Pollution July 2018



Rajé F., M. Tight and F. D. Pope. (2018)

Traffic pollution: a search for solutions for a city like Nairobi’. Cities.